|INTERNATIONAL COMPETITIONS HOORN / ENKHUIZEN|
HOORN - 2002 marked the 400th anniversary of the formation of the Dutch East India Trading Company (VOC). To celebrate this momentous event many activities were organized in the six former VOC-cities in The Netherlands (Amsterdam, Middelburg, Delft, Rotterdam, Hoorn and Enkhuizen).
All submitted compositions were reviewed and judged by a judging-committee consisting of Peter Bremer (chairman, musicologist, carillonneur), Wim Franken (composer, carillonneur), Mathieu Dijker (composer, carillonneur), Carl Van Eyndhoven (teacher at the Lemmens-institute in Leuven, organist, carillonneur), and Geert Bierling (organist, carillonneur). Pieces were judged for their originality, musicality and suitability for carillon.
The second best submission, entitled 'Parafrase', was composed by Johan Adriaenssen (Norway). The third piece chosen by the jury was Cantio matutina, written by Radek Rejsec from Prague (Czech Republic).
Entries for the contest were received from sixteen composers in The Netherlands, the Czech Republic, Norway, Belgium, the United Kingdom,and the USA. With financial support of the city of Hoorn, the Society 'Het Carillon van Hoorn' has published the six top entries in the 'Hoorns VOC-beiaardboek'.
The contest started on the carillon of the Zuidertower (52 bells in meantone temperament) with the ringing of the 'Fire Bell', cast by François and Pieter Hemony in 1648. Only three participants had entered the competition under category B (carillonneurs without diploma). The compulsory piece for this catagory was the Sweelinck Fantasie composed by Albert de Klerk. Five carillonneurs had enrolled for category A (carillonneurs with diploma). Along with pieces of their own choice, each played the Fantasy on Een Aangename Voois, the new composition by Geert D'hollander.
A moderate sunshine accompanied the jury, public and participants late that afternoon during their walk to the lightweight carillon of the Drommedaris (39 bells in meantone temperament). There, three carillonneurs demonstrated their skill in improvising on a compulsory song selected by the jury.
Members of the jury were Peter Bremer (chairman, musicologist, carillonneur), Roel Smit (carillonneur, organist and choir-master), Koen Van Assche (carillonneur), Frank Meijer (carillonneur) and Peter Plompen (pianist, composer).
DUTCH EAST INDIA TRADING COMPANY
In The Netherlands the East India Trading Company (Dutch abbreviation: VOC) was established March 20, 1602. The government authorized the VOC to hold a trading monopoly for the territory between the Cape of Good Hope andthe Strait of Magalhaes. The company consisted of six Chambers (Amsterdam, Middelburg, Delft, Rotterdam, Hoorn, Enkhuizen). Amsterdam had within the VOC a large authority, but in the board of the 'Heren Zeventien', the governing body, not an absolute majority of votes.
The VOC was mainly a trading company. Large profits were made on spice from the Moluccas. Furthermore great amounts of cotton and silk materials came from Indonesia. Later on the market of Amsterdam was also able to trade coffee.
Since 1619 the VOC was managed from Batavia (nowadays Jakarta) in Indonesia. In order to maintain their positions over against competitors and local enemies the VOC had to act as a military power too. After several decades trading became less profitable and debts were accumulating. Only by intervention of the Dutch government a bankruptcy could be avoided. Ultimately the Dutch government took over the VOC in 1798, all debts and credits included.